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Laboratoire d'Electrochimie Moleculaire, LEM, Paris

UMR CNRS - Université Paris Diderot - Paris France

Master Frontiers in Chemistry | UFR de Chimie - Université Paris Diderot - Paris 7 CNRS - Institut de chimie Université de Paris Master Chimie Sorbonne Paris Cité UFR de Chimie - Université Paris Diderot - Paris 7 CNRS - Institut de chimie
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Université Paris Diderot
Université de Paris CNRS, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique

Le LEM - Publications: Abstracts

Publication 627

J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 7276-7285, 2008.
DOI: 10.1021/ja7102873

Theory and Practice of Enzyme Bioaffinity Electrodes. Chemical, Enzymatic, and Electrochemical Amplification of in Situ Product Detection

Benoît Limoges, Damien Marchal, François Mavré, and Jean-Michel Savéant

Laboratoire d’Electrochimie Moléculaire, Université Paris Diderot, UMR CNRS 7591, 2 place Jussieu, 75251 Paris Cedex 05, France,


The two articles in this series are dedicated to bioaffinity electrodes with in situ detection of the product of the enzyme label after recognition by its conjugate immobilized on the electrode. Part 1 was devoted to direct electrochemical detection, whereas the present contribution deals with homogeneous chemical and enzymatic amplification of the primary electrochemical signal. The theoretical relationships that are established for these modes of amplification are applied to the avidin–biotin recognition in a system that involves alkaline phosphatase as enzyme label and 4-amino-2,6-dichloro-phenyl phosphate as substrate, generating 2,6-dichloro-4-aminophenol as electrochemically active product. Chemical amplification then results from the addition of NADH, which reduces the 2,6-dichloro-quinonimine resulting from the electrochemical oxidation of 2,6-dichloro-4-aminophenol. An increased amplification is obtained when the reduction of 2,6-dichloro-quinonimine involves diaphorase in solution with NADH as substrate. The excellent agreement between theoretical predictions and experimental data required a detailed theoretical analysis and the independent determination of the key kinetic parameters of the system. The theoretical analysis was extended to monolayer and multilayered films of auxiliary enzyme as well as to electrochemical amplification by means of closely spaced dual electrodes so as to offer a rational comparative panorama of the amplification capabilities of the various possible strategies. Confinement of the profile of the product, and/or its oxidized form, in the vicinity the electrode surface appears as a key parameter of amplification.

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