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Laboratoire d'Electrochimie Moleculaire, LEM, Paris

UMR CNRS - Université Paris Diderot - Paris France

Master Frontiers in Chemistry | UFR de Chimie - Université Paris Diderot - Paris 7 CNRS - Institut de chimie Université de Paris Master Chimie Sorbonne Paris Cité UFR de Chimie - Université Paris Diderot - Paris 7 CNRS - Institut de chimie
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Université Paris Diderot
Université de Paris CNRS, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique

Le LEM - Publications: Abstracts

Publication 837

Anal. Chem., 89 (20), 11061-11069, 2017


Electrochemical Imaging of Dense Molecular Nanoarrays


Khalil Chennit, Jorge Trasobares, Agnès Anne, Edmond Cambril, Arnaud Chovin, Nicolas Clément, and Christophe Demaille

Laboratoire d’Electrochimie Moléculaire, UMR 7591 CNRS, Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, 15 rue Jean-Antoine de Baïf, F-75205 Cedex 13, Paris, France
Institute of Electronics, Microelectronics and Nanotechnology, CNRS, University of Lille, Avenue Poincaré, BP60069, 59652, Villeneuve d’Ascq, France
Centre de Nanosciences et de Nanotechnologies, CNRS, Univ. Paris-Sud, Université Paris-Saclay, C2N-Marcoussis, 91460, Marcoussis, France

The aim of the present work is to explore the combination of atomic force electrochemical microscopy, operated in molecule touching mode (Mt/AFM-SECM), and of dense nanodot arrays, for designing an electrochemically addressable molecular nanoarray platform. A high density nanoarray of single grained gold nanodots (¨15 nm-diameter nanoparticles, 100 nm pitch) is decorated by a model molecular system, consisting of ferrocene (Fc) labeled polyethylene glycol (PEG) disulfide chains. We show that the high resolution of Mt/AFM-SECM enables the electrochemical interrogation of several hundreds of individual nanodots in a single image acquisition. As a result, the statistical dispersion of the nanodot molecular occupancy by Fc-PEG chains can be reliably quantified, evidencing that as little as a few tens of copies of redox-labeled macromolecules immobilized on individual nanodots can be detected. The electrochemical reactivity of individual nanodots can also be reliably sampled over a large population of nanodots. We evidence that the heterogeneous rate constant characterizing the electron transfer between the nanodots and the Fc heads displays some quantifiable variability but that the electron transfer remains in any case in the quasi-reversible regime. Overall, we demonstrate that Mt/AFM-SECM enables high throughput reading of dense nanoarrays, with a sensitivity and a read-out speed considerably higher than previously reported for scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) imaging of molecular microarrays.

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